Summary of Research: Neisseria meningitidis, a gram-negative diplococcal bacterium, is a common asymptomatic colonizer of the nasopharyngeal space. It may infrequently lead to invasive disease that can result in high rates of seizures, organ failure, loss of limbs, and death.
Summary of Research: This 2012 study looks at how dynamics between adolescents, parents, and clinicians affect vaccination acceptance. It also examines different approaches we can use to improve vaccine uptake in the adolescent patient population.
Summary of Research: Healthcare providers (HCPs) are at increased risk of acquiring and transmitting vaccine-preventable diseases. Requirements for vaccination of HCPs vary significantly between countries and among organizations. HCPs have a moral responsibility to protect the health of their patients and a professional responsibility to limit absenteeism, disruption of healthcare services, and the costs associated with testing, treatment, and infection control measures related to vaccine-preventable diseases.
Summary of Research: Prenatal vitamins may help to lower the risk of autism in children, even for high-risk families. In prior studies, the use of prenatal vitamins, specifically folate (which is taken as a dietary supplement known as folic acid), has been shown to significantly lower the risk of developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Summary of Research: A new study shows that numerous states and large metropolitan centers have seen an uptick in the number of nonmedical exemptions (NMEs) from childhood vaccinations granted. The study, published in PLOS Medicine,(journals.plos.org) found that in the past decade, the number of philosophical exemptions to vaccination has increased in two-thirds of the states that allow such exemptions.
Summary of Research: Unvaccinated or undervaccinated individuals comprised substantial proportions of cases in measles and some pertussis outbreaks, an analysis of numerous studies and reports finds. Additionally, vaccine refusal was associated with an elevated risk for measles and pertussis, including among fully vaccinated individuals, researchers report.
Summary of Research: A recent study finds that teaching critical thinking skills in a humanities course significantly reduces student beliefs in ‘pseudoscience’ that is unsupported by facts.
Summary of Research: Adolescents who receive recommended vaccinations, including for human papillomavirus, have no increased risk of primary ovarian insufficiency, also known as premature menopause, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published in Pediatrics.
Summary of Research: Studies show that primary reason for the measles outbreak, affecting several European countries, is the decline in vaccination coverage, for which mainly the ‘spread of anti-scientific theories’ can be blamed. However, a new study shows that cuts in public health expenditure also play an important role, with measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccination coverage decreasing 0.5 percentage points for each 1 percent expenditure cut.
Summary of Research: A new study of survey data finds that only a minority of parents choose not to immunize their children against the sexually transmitted human papillomavirus (HPV) due to concerns that vaccination would encourage or support youth sexual activity, a reason frequently cited by doctors as a barrier to advocating for this vaccine.