Summary of Research: Travel guidelines have traditionally focused on people traveling from wealthy nations to poorer nations. However patterns of travel, including more frequent travel by people from developing nations, are changing. This article looks to evaluate gaps in current travel recommendations and identify areas of opportunity to address the needs of travelers from emerging economies.
Summary of Research: This study “evaluates and reviews the origins of the anti-vaccination movement, the reasons behind the recent strengthening of the movement, role of the internet in the spread of anti-vaccination ideas, and the repercussions in terms of public health and safety.”
Summary of Research: A randomized, placebo-controlled phase 3 study in 18 countries evaluating the safety and efficacy of herpes zoster subunit vaccine for prevention of herpes zoster in adults over 50.
Summary of Research: Additional strategies are needed to protect children from vaccine preventable diseases. Young infants and children with compromised immune systems are at especially high risk for developing complications and cannot be completely immunized themselves.
Summary of Research: Neisseria meningitidis, a gram-negative diplococcal bacterium, is a common asymptomatic colonizer of the nasopharyngeal space. It may infrequently lead to invasive disease that can result in high rates of seizures, organ failure, loss of limbs, and death.
Summary of Research: This 2012 study looks at how dynamics between adolescents, parents, and clinicians affect vaccination acceptance. It also examines different approaches we can use to improve vaccine uptake in the adolescent patient population.
Summary of Research: Healthcare providers (HCPs) are at increased risk of acquiring and transmitting vaccine-preventable diseases. Requirements for vaccination of HCPs vary significantly between countries and among organizations. HCPs have a moral responsibility to protect the health of their patients and a professional responsibility to limit absenteeism, disruption of healthcare services, and the costs associated with testing, treatment, and infection control measures related to vaccine-preventable diseases.
Summary of Research: Prenatal vitamins may help to lower the risk of autism in children, even for high-risk families. In prior studies, the use of prenatal vitamins, specifically folate (which is taken as a dietary supplement known as folic acid), has been shown to significantly lower the risk of developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Summary of Research: A new study shows that numerous states and large metropolitan centers have seen an uptick in the number of nonmedical exemptions (NMEs) from childhood vaccinations granted. The study, published in PLOS Medicine,(journals.plos.org) found that in the past decade, the number of philosophical exemptions to vaccination has increased in two-thirds of the states that allow such exemptions.
Summary of Research: Unvaccinated or undervaccinated individuals comprised substantial proportions of cases in measles and some pertussis outbreaks, an analysis of numerous studies and reports finds. Additionally, vaccine refusal was associated with an elevated risk for measles and pertussis, including among fully vaccinated individuals, researchers report.